what is teething in babies?

In this article we will discuss
·         What is teething?
·         When babies do starts teething?
·         What are the signs a baby is teething?
·         What to do when baby is teething?
·         Baby teething timeline?
·         Is it safe to give baby medicine?
·         What not to give or do?

What is teething?

Teething is a process in which baby’s first teeth tend to appear by emerging through gums often in pairs also called deciduous teeth or milk teeth, the mandibular incisors (lower teeth) are the first teeth to appear between 6 to 10 months of age. The process of teething is really difficult for the babies cause they have to erupt though gums,  hormones are released within the body that cause some cells in the gums to die and separate, allowing the teeth to come through.[2]

When do babies start teething?

Babies start teething from 9 to 10 months of age and it take several years to complete those 20 sets of teeth.
Some babies get it early like at 3 months of age, in other cases when they erupt a bit late you have to wait until she is a year old to see a first tooth,
Very rarely some babies’ first tooth is visible at birth called natal teeth.
Teeth actually start developing when your baby is in the womb and tooth buds form in the gums.
Teeth can erupt one at a time or several can come through at once,
By age 3 your child may have a full set of 20 teeth and they shouldn’t start to fall out until her permanent teeth are ready to come until age 6.

What are the signs a baby is teething?

·         Irritability or fussiness
·         Drooling
·         Swollen sensitive gums
·         Gnawing or biting
·         Refusing to eat
·         Trouble sleeping especially at night
·         Increased chewing
·         Mood changing
·         Mild temperature
·         Pulling of ear is another sign of pain
·         Diarrhea
These signs usually start 3 to 5 days before tooth shown and disappear as soon as tooth breaks the skin. Some babies do not show any symptom.

What to do when babies start teething?

  • Teething rings, Solid rings are preferred so they don’t rupture and leak everywhere (or become ingested) 
  • Chilled refrigerated pacifiers
  • Cold spoons
  • Cold, damp washcloths
  • Frozen fruit or veggies: Try peeled cucumber, large peeled carrots (a whole carrot), banana, mango – just make sure the food you choose doesn’t pose a choking risk (this will vary by age and stage in the overall teething process)
  • Cold or frozen fruit
  • You may also rub your clean finger gently but firmly over your babies sore gums to ease the pain temporarily
  • Give your baby a frozen bagel or hard unsweetened teething biscuit  to gnaw on if he is old enough to take finger food .
  •     Teething necklaces

Baby teething timeline

The infant teeth tend to emerge in pairs – first one lower incisor emerges then the other lower incisor emerges before the next set begin to emerge. The general pattern of emergence is:
1. Lower central incisors (2) at approximately 6 months
2. Upper central incisors (2) at approximately 8 months
3. Upper lateral incisors (2) at approximately 10 months
4. Lower lateral incisors (2) at approximately 10 months
5. First molars (4) at approximately 14 months
6. Canines (4) at approximately 18 months
7. Second molars (4) at approximately 2–3 years


Is it safe to give baby medicine?

If your baby is 6 months of old you can give your baby any pain reliever like Tylenol, but do ask your pediatrician before giving, and read the required dose on basis of baby’s weight

What not to give?

·         Aspirin don’t give your baby aspirin or even rub to her gums to ease teething pain because it can lead to Reye syndrome rare but life threatening condition.
·         Homeopathic teething tablets and gels.
The FDA advices not to give because it can cause breathing problems and seizures. Researchers at FDA are investigating these claims and some manufactures have stopped disturbing them but in United States they are still available in some stores and online.
·         Benzocaine don’t use topical gels and medicines containing benzocaine. The FDA warns that using teething products can lead to methamoglobinemia,a rare condition in which oxygen in blood drops dangerously low.

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