What causes your baby stomach ache?

If a baby feels unusual fussy or crying for no obvious reason , you feel no hunger or no dirty diaper is making him fussy ,it could be tummy ache.
Colic  is really common in babies, if your baby cries for regular 3 hours it can be due to colic ,colic can occur right after few weeks of birth  baby is considered colic when he is younger than 5 months old.
,it is generally worst in 4 to weeks baby
The discomfort may be more intense in late afternoon and early evenings.

Other symptoms of colic

Clench his or her fists tightly
Bend her arms and legs towards belly
Flushed red cheeks while crying
Passing gas
Have bloated tummy
Tighten her stomach muscles

What is the main cause of colic?

Colic is of the greatest mysteries in baby life, this is really common n first born babies, and who are formula and breast milk fed but some common theories for colic are
Trapped gastro intestinal reflux
Early migraines
Higher serotonin levels
Gut bacteria
Family stress
Pain or discomfort from gas or indigestion.
A digestive system that isn’t fully developed.
Overfeeding or underfeeding.
Sensitivity to formula or breast milk.
Over stimulation
Early form of childhood migraine headache.
Emotional reaction to fear, frustration, or excitement

We know babies whose mothers continue smoking  during pregnancy are at high risk of colic, but this can be controlled if babies are breast fed
Early migraines
Some studies suggest that colic is foreshadowing of migraine later in childhood. Researchers are not sure if colic is an early symptom of childhood migraines or if babies with colic share a genetic trait  with those who get child hood migraines.

Food allergies or sensitivity. 
Some experts believe that colic is the result of an allergy to milk protein (or lactose intolerance) in formula-fed babies. More rarely, colic may be a reaction to specific foods in Mom’s diet in breastfed babies. Either way, these allergies or sensitivity can cause tummy pain that may set off colicky behavior.
Infant acid reflux.
Research has found that infant GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) is sometimes a colic trigger. Infant GERD is often the result of an underdeveloped lower esophageal sphincter, the muscle that keeps stomach acid from flowing back up into the throat and mouth, which can irritate the esophagus. Symptoms include frequent spitting up, poor eating and irritability during and after feedings. The good news is, most babies outgrow GERD by age 1 (and colic usually goes away long before then

An immature digestive system.
Digesting food is a big task for a baby's brand new gastrointestinal system. As a result, food may pass through too quickly and not break down completely, resulting in pain from gas in the intestines.

How to treat colic?

 If you think its gastrointestinal problem

Apply pressure on baby tummy some babies feel calm if pressure is applied on babies tummy and power of touch can be really calm for both mother and baby so place your infant face down on your lap and slowly tap his chest
Try burping the baby whenever you feed your baby make sure you burp your baby every time ,this will help to relieve the gas and can make fussy baby calm
Try anti gas drops
 Studies show that reducing gas may reduce the discomfort (and crying). So ask your pediatrician about trying gas drops made with simethicone, which works by breaking up gas bubbles and can relieve your baby's symptoms. Though research hasn’t yet shown that this treatment definitively helps with colic, your doctor may think it's worth a try.
Watch out what you eat
if you are breast feeding your baby watch everything you eat,try looking any specific which can cause gas or tummy ache in your baby so that you can eliminate that certain food from your diet

Ask about switching formulas. For some formula-fed infants, swapping a standard variety for one designed for sensitive tummies or one that doesn't contain cow's milk can make a difference. Studies have found that giving colicky babies hypoallergenic whey-hydrolyzed formula decreases colic symptoms in some babies. Just be sure to get your doctor’s approval before making the switch. Also, steer clear of casein-hydrolyzed formula or partially hydrolyzed formulas as therapies for colic — there simply isn't enough evidence that they work.

Other calming remedies for colicky babies:

Get close. Not only does cuddling, wearing or carrying your baby give her the pleasure of security and physical closeness to you (and after 9 months of constant closeness, that may be just what baby's crying for), but it may help you tune in better to her needs.
Swaddle. Toss a blanket in the dryer and while it's still warm, wrap it snugly around your baby. The combination of warmth and the feeling of security may help dry baby’s tears.
Make white noise. The hum of the vacuum cleaner or dryer can be comforting to babies (it reminds them of the womb). You may even want to invest in a white-noise machine.
Play soothing music. A crying baby might also respond to the quiet singing of a lullaby or a softly playing classical music CD. Other infants enjoy the sounds of nature or the whir of a fan. Repeating "shh" or "ahh" to your little one can also help. Experiment to find something your baby seems to like.
Offer a pacifier. Some colicky babies seem to want to eat all the time — and that might be because sucking is soothing, not because they’re hungry. So if your child seems ravenous all the time and adequate feedings don't seem to satisfy him, a pacifier might help. Check in with your doctor if you're not sure whether baby is getting enough to eat at mealtimes, though.
Get out of the house. Sometimes, just a change to an outdoor location will magically change a baby's mood. Movement can help, too. Take your baby for a walk in the stroller or in a sling or carrier, or strap her into the car seat for a drive (but turn around and head home if the crying continues in the car — otherwise it could distract you from the road).

When to call the doctor about colic in babies

While the odds are that your baby’s daily screaming sessions are due to colic, it’s a good idea to talk the situation over with your doctor — if only to get some reassurance and maybe a few extra soothing strategies.
Describing the crying (its duration, intensity, pattern, any variation from the norm and any accompanying symptoms) will also help the doctor rule out any underlying medical condition (like reflux, an infection or a milk allergy) that could be triggering the crying.
Keep in mind, too, that this shall pass: Just when you think you can't take another night of it, the crying will let up — and then it's gone forever.
As wiped-out as you may be, give yourself a well-earned pat on the back. You've just survived your first major challenge of parenthood.

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