Newborn care and safety - 5 basics Newborn baby care every parent should know

Newborn baby care

In this article, we will discuss about handling a newborn, including supporting your baby's neck. Changing your baby's diaper. Bathing your baby. Dressing your baby. Swaddling your baby. Feeding and burping your baby

·       Baby handling

·       Swaddling

·       Diaper Changing

·       Feeding and Burping

·       Bathing

Baby handling

newborns immune system is not that strong they are at high risk of infection so whenever you hold your baby make sure your hands are sterilized ,always keep hand sanitizer in the room ,whoever is handling the baby make sure the hands are clean and sterlized.

·Always hold baby neck and head whenever you hold your baby support head and neck.

·Never shake your baby shaking can cause bleeding in the brain or death ,if you want to awake your baby tickle baby feet or blow on face

·Make sure baby is securely fastened in the car seat stroller and carrier.


Swaddling the baby

swaddling is an art of snuggly wrapping a baby in the blanket for warmth and security it can keep your being disturbed by her own startle reflex and can help her stay warm and toasty for first few days of life.

swaddling can help your baby to calm down and to feel tightness and security just like she is still in the womb

if you chose to swaddle make sure you do it correctly improper swaddling can lead to loosen joints damage soft cartilage of hip leading to hip dysplasia

Here to how swaddle a baby

·   Spread out the receiving blanket, with one corner folded over slightly.

·   Lay the baby face-up on the blanket with his or her head above the folded corner.

·   Wrap the left corner over the body and tuck it beneath the back of the baby, going       under the right arm.

·  Bring the bottom corner up over the baby's feet and pull it toward the head, folding the fabric down if it gets close to the face. Be sure not to wrap too tightly around the hips. Hips and knees should be slightly bent and turned out. Wrapping your baby too tightly may increase the chance of hip dysplasia.

·   Wrap the right corner around the baby, and tuck it under the baby's back on the Wrap the right corner around the baby, and tuck it under the baby's back on the left side, leaving only the neck and head exposed. To make sure your baby is not wrapped too tight, make sure you can slip a hand between the blanket and your baby's chest, which will allow comfortable breathing. Make sure, however, that the blanket is not so loose that it could become undone.

·  Babies should not be swaddled after they're 2 months old. At this age, some babies can roll over while swaddled, which increases their risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).







Diaper changing

Before diapering your baby, make sure you have all supplies within reach so you won't have to leave your infant unattended on the changing table. You'll need:

Diaper mat

Diapers

Baby rash cream

Diaper trash bag

or a container of warm water and a clean washcloth or cotton balls

for a newborn baby make sure you change the diaper after every 2 to 3 hours so there is minimal chance of diaper rash

how to change a diaper?


Lay baby straight on a diaper mat  , remove the dirty diaper first and then use wash cloth or water or wipes to clean the genital area, for girls wipe her from front to back so there is less chance of urinary tract infection

After this apply any ointment , diaper rash cream, Aquaphor or any Vaseline to less the risk of diaper rash

After this secure the new diaper and dispose your dirty diaper in diaper trash bags.

Thoroughly wash your hands before and after diaper changing



Diaper rash


Typically the rash is red and bumpy and will go away in a few days with warm baths, some diaper cream, and a little time out of the diaper. Most rashes happen because the baby's skin is sensitive and becomes irritated by the wet or poopy diaper.

To prevent or heal diaper rash, try these tips:

·         Change your baby's diaper often, and as soon as possible after bowel movements.

·         Gently clean the area with mild soap and water (wipes sometimes can be irritating), then apply a very thick layer of diaper rash or "barrier" cream. Creams with zinc oxide are preferred because they form a barrier against moisture.

·         If you use cloth diapers, wash them in dye- and fragrance-free detergents.

·         Let the baby go undiapered for part of the day. This gives the skin a chance to air out.

If the diaper rash continues for more than 3 days or seems to be getting worse, call your doctor — it may be caused by a fungal infection that requires a prescription.

Feeding and burping

Whether formula feed or breast milk baby should be fed when hungry ,your baby will cue you by making noises ,sucking hand or crying

a newborn baby should be fed after every two hours

For  baby formulas 2 ounces after every two hours. If you're breastfeeding, give your baby the chance to nurse about 10–15 minutes at each breast .for formula-feeding, you can easily monitor if your baby is getting enough to eat, but if you're breastfeeding, it can be a little trickier. If your baby seems satisfied, produces about six wet diapers and several stools a day, sleeps well, and is gaining weight regularly, then he or she is probably eating enough.

One real important thing is make sure you give your baby burp after every feeding this will prevent baby to become gassy or fussy

Try these tips to get burp


  • Hold your baby upright with your chest support baby head and back and slight pat baby’s back
  • Lay your baby face-down on your lap. Support your baby's head, making sure it's higher than his or her chest, and gently pat or rub his or her back.
  • If your baby doesn't burp after a few minutes, change the baby's position and try burping for another few minutes before feeding again. Always burp your baby when feeding time is over, then keep him or her in an upright position for at least 10–15 minutes to avoid spitting up.





Bathing


Bathing can be given if circumcision heals

And when umbilical cord falls of and is now completely dry

For bating you need

·         Bath tub

·         Bath sponge

·         Head to toe shampoo

·         Towel

·         Clean diaper

·         Clean clothes

·         And someone’s assistance

undress your baby and then place him or her in the water immediately, in a warm room, to prevent chills. Make sure the water in the tub is no more than 2 to 3 inches deep, and that the water is no longer running in the tub. Use one of your hands to support the head and the other hand to guide the baby in feet-first. Speaking  gently, slowly lower your baby up to the chest into the tub.

Use a washcloth to wash his or her face and hair. Gently massage your baby's scalp with the pads of your fingers or a soft baby hairbrush, including the area over the fontanel’s (soft spots) on the top of the head. When you rinse the soap or shampoo from your baby's head, cup your hand across the forehead so the suds run toward the sides and soap doesn't get into the eyes. Gently wash the rest of your baby's body with water and a small amount of soap.

Throughout the bath, regularly pour water gently over your baby's body so he or she doesn't get cold. After the bath, wrap your baby in a towel immediately, making sure to cover his or her head. Baby towels with hoods are great for keeping a freshly washed baby warm.





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